On behalf of Organizing Committee, we invite all the participants from all part of the world to attend the Bipolar Neuro 2019 entitled “2nd International Conference on Bipolar Disorder: Depression and Psychiatry” scheduled during November 11-12, 2019 at Istanbul, Turkey.
Bipolar Neuro 2019 is a conference dedicated to Psychiatrists, Neurologists, Neuropsychiatrists and Psychological clinical and medical researchers and consultants with the theme “Understanding the neurological aspects of psychiatry”
The goal of Bipolar Neuro 2019 is to deliver an extraordinary event for the exchange of ideas and authoritative views by leading scientists which covers the entire spectrum of research in Neurology, Psychiatry and Mental Health and share the cross-cultural experiences of various treatment procedures.
For many years, the branch of Neurology and Psychiatry were believed to be a part of a single branch of medicine as both the fields involve the study of the brain. It was later in the 20th Century that both the fields parted their ways. Neurology deals with the cognitive and behavioral abnormalities of the brain whereas Psychiatry deals with the disorders associated with mood and thoughts mainly “functional” without any structural basis.
However, It is well known that the patients with neurological disorders such as Parkinson’s disease and stroke manifest depression and dementia and similarly, with the recent advances in the medical imaging technology, it has been suggested that the psychiatric disorders such as schizophrenia involves structural abnormalities and hence, abnormal brain function. Though the fields have advanced and drifted afar there is much more that brings them together as they share the origin and have the same basis of neuroscience.
Track 1: Bipolar Disorder
Bipolar disorder also known as manic depression causes elevated levels of mood and sometimes leads to symptoms of psychosis. It even causes a depression that may affect the person’s personal as well as professional life thus causing a disaster. The reasons for this disorder are generally not known but environmental and genetic factors do play a vital role. The environmental factors can be a history of childhood abuse and prone to depression. However genetic factors also have a role in bipolar disorder but in very few cases. The elevated levels of mood are generally characterized as mania or hypomania. It is not just one disease but includes subcategories such as Bipolar I, Bipolar II, Cyclothymia, etc., referred to as Bipolar Spectrum Disorders. So, strict adherence to medications is necessary to help keep episodes to a minimum. The symptoms of mania can be as follows:
- Feeling happy for a very long period
- Decreased sleep
- Easily distracted
- Engaging in risky behavior, such as having impetuous sex, gambling, or excessive spending.
With the recent advances in Neuroimaging techniques, the biological factors that lead to Bipolar Disorder have been trying to uncover. The Number of abnormalities in amine neurotransmitters and critical signal transduction pathways has been observed in many findings.
Track 2: Types of Bipolar Disorder
Bipolar disorder is associated with the episodes of mood swings that range from manic highs to depressive lows. There are several types of Bipolar disorder and all the type involves both the episodes of mania and depression.
- Bipolar I disorder: also known as manic depressive disorder or unipolar disorder. A person suffering from bipolar one must have one manic episode (a few weeks to a few months) in their lifetime. A manic episode is a period of highly or abnormally elevated mood and energy which results in abnormal behavior. They also suffer from depression episodes that follow shortly after the severe manic episode and lasts for a few days. The manic episodes sometimes trigger a psychotic episode in which an individual lacks its ability to understand reality.
- Bipolar II Disorder: In this form of psychiatric disorder, an individual must have depressive episodes followed by hypomanic episode. Hypomania is an episode of elevated mood and behavior. Though it is not as extreme as a manic episode, it is above the normal mood and behavior. Bipolar II Disorder is mainly characterized by frequent depressive episodes and associated with a greater risk of suicidal thoughts and behavior.
- Cyclothymia: It is a milder version of bipolar disorder that consists of cyclic mood swings. A person with a cyclothymic episode usually appears normal as they do not undergo any severe manic episode or major depression.
- Mixed episodes: In this condition, an individual simultaneously experiences characteristic of both mood poles- depression and mania- in a rapid sequence.
- Bipolar Spectrum: In this type of condition, a person experiences the characteristics of bipolar disorder along with the other types of mental disorders that involve depression or mood swings.
Track 3: Treatment of Bipolar Disorder
Bipolar Disorder is a mental disorder that causes the extreme change in the moods of an individual from being too excited (manic episode) to a depressed phase with the normal mood states in- between. Many pharmacological and psychotherapeutic techniques are already present for the treatment of the moods of the bipolar disorder, and also today, many types of research are going on all around the world for exploring the new possibilities. The treatment commonly includes the psychotherapy (such as Cognitive Behavioural Therapy) as well as the Medications. Medications are an essential part of the treatment for Bipolar Disorder. This helps to keep the periods or the moods in balance enabling the person to live a normal life. They do not cure the disorder however helps to stabilize the condition. Numbers of medication used to treat Bipolar Disorder. Some of them help to fight the manic episodes and others prevent the episodes of depression. As the medications for bipolar are very powerful drugs, it should always be taken according to the doctor’s recommendation for the given period of time. The abrupt withdraw of medicine without Doctor’s approval can be very dangerous.
- Track 3-1 Mood Stabilizers (such as Lithium)
- Track 3-2 Antipsychotics (Olanzapine)
- Track 3-3 Antidepressant drugs
- Track 3-4 Cognitive Behavioural Therapy
Track 4: Psychiatry
Psychiatry is the branch of medicine that deals with the diagnosis, prevention and treatment of mental disorders, usually those requiring medication. The various behaviors, moods, cognition, and perception which are harmfully adapted included in the mental disorders. The Interdisciplinary field of psychiatric research combines the biological, social and psychological perspective of mental disorders in order to understand its nature and treatment. A psychiatrist is trained medical doctors and specialists who deal with these disorders and are qualified to assess both mental and physiological aspects of the psychiatric disorders. As they are physicians, they perform medical laboratory and psychological tests such as case history and mental status examination, evaluate and then work with patients to develop psychiatric treatment plans.